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How does a water softener work?

Updated: 01/04/2016
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Answer: Water softeners use a resin that creates an exchange of ions in the water and this process changes the hardness of the water. The salt in your water softener is used to create a brine solution that is used during regeneration cycles to recharge the media so that it can continue to remove hardness. Water softeners in general only address hardness and have little impact on any other water issues including sulfur. While there are some resin products that make claims to reduce or eliminate sulfur from your well water these are not nearly as effective as other methods of removing the bacteria that causes the sulfur. The softener salt will have very little effect on salt in your water and if the regeneration occurs at a time when no water is being used it will not be noticeable. The timers on your softener must be accurate to ensure the regeneration occurs in the middle of the night and if your timer is off and the cycle occurs during water use you could see an impact on your water quality.
1 Call Well Service
Answer: Is called ion exchange.
Professsional plumbing and Handyman Services.
Answer: A water softener exchanges a cation salt, typically sodium (Na+) or potassium (K+), for other electro-positive ions with higher molecular weights. These include the hardness minerals Calcium (Ca+), Magnesium (Mg+), and even other positive ions like Ferrous Iron, Manganese, Radium, Barium and even Lead. Though softeners are not a good primary treatment for Iron issues, they can be an effective polisher and an important part of an overall problem well water solution.
Purologix Water Services
Answer: Water softeners work utilizing a ion exchange process.
Executive Water Systems
Answer: The typical water softener is a mechanical appliance that's plumbed into your home's water supply system. All water softeners use the same operating principle: They trade the hard minerals for something else, in most cases sodium. The process is called ion exchange. The heart of a water softener is a mineral tank. It's filled with small polystyrene beads, also known as resin or zeolite. The beads carry a negative charge. Calcium and magnesium in water both carry positive charges. This means that these minerals will cling to the beads as the hard water passes through the mineral tank. Sodium ions also have positive charges, albeit not as strong as the charge on the calcium and magnesium. When a very strong brine solution is flushed through a tank that has beads already saturated with calcium and magnesium, the sheer volume of the sodium ions is enough to drive the calcium and magnesium ions off the beads. Water softeners have a separate brine tank that uses common salt to create this brine solution. In normal operation, hard water moves into the mineral tank and the calcium and magnesium ions move to the beads, replacing sodium ions. The sodium ions go into the water. Once the beads are saturated with calcium and magnesium, the unit enters a 3-phase regenerating cycle. First, the backwash phase reverses water flow to flush dirt out of the tank. In the recharge phase, the concentrated sodium-rich salt solution is carried from the brine tank through the mineral tank. The sodium collects on the beads, replacing the calcium and magnesium, which go down the drain. Once this phase is over, the mineral tank is flushed of excess brine and the brine tank is refilled
JB Water
Answer: It uses a large amount of very tiny little beads called resin. These resin beads act like magnets to ions. Depending on the type of polarity of the ion it will attract either "cat" or "an" ions. So as water passes through the softener the surface area of millions of the resin beads, it pulls out the hard water ions untill the resin beads become fully saturated. At that time the water softener will regenerate. It then pulls brine from the brine tank ( either sodium , or potassium ) and cleans the resin bed . The resin bed is at that time ready to exchange the sodium ions ( or potassium ions ) for magnisium and calcium ions once again.
Solarck Softeners and Irrigation LLC
Answer: A water softener removes positively charged contaminants in the water that causes multiple issues throughout the home
Houston water products
Answer: A water softener professionally designed for your specific needs removes hardness, calcium, lime and other impurities, by having the water pass through an ion exchange resin bed. Soft water throughout your home does not leave stains or build up to your internal pipes or fixtures in your home.
Answer: We resolve softener related issues with technologies that don't require maintenance so this is not a focus and Softeners exchange minerals (usually sodium) for unwanted particulates.
The Wellness Enterprise, Inc.
Answer: Cleans your tap water
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